Western Civilization: A Concise History is an Open Educational Resource textbook covering the history of Western Civilization from approximately 8,000 BCE to 2017 CE. It is available in three volumes covering the following time periods and topics: Volume 1: from the origins of civilization in Mesopotamia c. 8,000 BCE through the early Middle Ages in Europe c. 1,000 CE. Volume 1 covers topics including Mesopotamia,Egypt, Persia, Greece, Rome, the Islamic caliphates, and the early European Middle Ages.
Portland Community College
Christopher Brooks, “Western Civilization: A Concise History - Volume 1,” Open Educational Resource (OER) , accessed September 27, 2023, http://oer.uinsyahada.ac.id/items/show/2733.